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King Saud of Saudi Arabia is deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his half-brother King Faisal . Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers. American President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria. The first commercial nuclear power station was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England. At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline. Albert Einstein, fleeing Nazi Germany, moves to the US. There are 75 days remaining until the end of the year.