December 12 is the 346th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 19 days remaining until the end of the year. Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the first black U.S. congressman (1870). Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom (1963). Rhodesia changes its name to Zimbabwe (1979). Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR (1991). The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore, becomes first well documented election failure and theft in American history (2000). Ike Turner, American singer, former husband and wife beater of Tina Turner dies (2007).